Darwin and Surrounds
Composed of the Central Business District, suburbs, and its other immediate locales, Darwin is the capital of the Northern Territory. Immediately facing Beagle Gulf to the north and Port Darwin to the south, the region is a coastal metropolis situated along the northern edges of the Australian mainland. Its estimated population of 127,500 residents makes it the most populous city in the territory, albeit remaining the least populous among the country's capital cities. Given its geographical location, it is the country's gateway to Asia.
There is an interesting story behind the city's name. In September 1839, the British Royal Navy ship HMS Beagle sailed into Darwin harbour. During that voyage, three men would prove influential to the region's history-John Lort Stokes, John Clements Wickham, and Charles Robert Darwin (the naturalist famous for his work, On the Origin of Species). Stokes discovered the harbour and Wickham named it in honour of Darwin. The locality was renamed Palmerston in 1869, but eventually reverted to Darwin in 1911.
Darwin, which was established in 1869, is part of Palmerton County and the Federal Division of Solomon (in the Australian House of Representatives). The region's land area of 112.01 square kilometres covers several Local Government Areas and State Districts. Because of two massive rebuilding projects it had to undergo-first following World War II, second in 1974 at the wake of Cyclone Tracy-the metropolis is one of Australia's most modern capital cities today.
Darwin and its surrounds have a wide variety of cultural, historical, and natural attractions for locals and visitors alike to appreciate. As such, there is always something to experience and enjoy in the region:
For a cultural and historical experience of Darwin, one might start off with a visit to some of the region's most relevant sites. Notable locales include 24HRArt, Aboriginal Fine Arts Gallery, Australian Aviation Heritage Centre, Australian Pearling Exhibition, Darwin Community Arts, East Point Military Museum, Fannie Bay Gaol Museum, Jilamara Arts and Crafts, Mason Gallery, Mbantua Gallery Darwin, Munupi Art Centre, Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Myilly Point Heritage Precinct, Stuart Memorial, and the WWII Oil Storage Tunnels.
Alternatively, one might prefer to experience and enjoy the best of Darwin's nature and wildlife. Some of the best locations and facilities to visit include the Aquascene, Botanical Gardens, Couzens Lookout, Crocosaurus Cove, Crocodylus Park, Darwin Crocodile Farm, East Point Reserve and Lake Alexander, Indo-Pacific Marine, Leanyer Recreation Park, and Window on the Wetlands. Further, it is worth noting that the region is the gateway to the Kakadu, Litchfield, and Nitmiluk National Parks.